Muhammad (Peace be on him), a Man of Perfect High Morals

What are Morals?

One should not surmise that gentle behaviour alone is what constitutes good morals. Creation (khalq) and morals (khulq) are two Arabic words which give corresponding meanings. The word khalq refers to physical birth, i.e. the creation of one’s ears, nose, hair, etc., whereas khulq refers to inner, spiritual birth. As such, inner faculties which are the distinguishing factor between a human and non-human are all encompassed in the term khulq. Even a person’s intellect and thoughts, etc., and all their other faculties are a part of khulq. Through khulq a person reforms their human character. If a person had no responsibilities, one would have to ask whether they were a human, a donkey or something else. When a person’s khulq becomes corrupted, nothing is left but their physical form. For example, if one loses one’s senses, they are deemed mad, and are considered to be a human only by virtue of their apparent figure. Hence, morals are to attain the pleasure of God Almighty (which is personified in the practical life of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

For this reason, it is necessary for us to mould our own lives in accordance with the life of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. These morals are a foundation and if this foundation is weak, an edifice cannot be built upon it. Morals are to place one brick over another. If one brick is misaligned, the entire wall shall be crooked. Someone has rightly stated:

خشت اول چوں نہد معمار کج

تاثریا مے رود دیوار کج

When the builder lays crooked the very first brick; The wall will remain crooked even if it reaches the heaven.

One ought to pay close attention to these matters. I have seen many men and analysed them closely to find that some are generous, but are also prone to anger and they are easily irritated. There are some who show forbearance but they are also miserly. There are some who are so bold that they will wound a person, striking them with bats in a state of anger and fury, but have no traces of humility and modesty in them. Then, I have observed some who are humble and modest to the utmost extent but are bereft of the quality of bravery, to the extent that they become petrified by even hearing about plague or cholera. I do not say that those who suffer a lack of bravery are devoid of faith. There were some from among the companions of the Holy Prophet(sa) who did not have the strength and courage for battle. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, would consider them excused. There are numerous aspects of morality. In my address at the Conference of Great Religions, I have described all of these aspects clearly and at length. All people neither possesses every moral quality, nor are they completely deprived either.

The Lofty Morals of the Noble Messenger(sa) The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is the most perfect model and example, who was a perfect compendium of every moral quality. This is why Allah the Exalted honours him by stating:

اِنكَّ لَعَلیٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيْمٍ

Thou dost surely possess high moral excellences.

At times, the Holy Prophet (sa) would confound the congregation with his immensely eloquent speech. At other times he would make a valiant display in the field of battle. When it came to generosity, he would give mountains of gold. When it came to demonstrating the greatness of his forbearance, he would forgive criminals worthy of death. In short, God Almighty has showcased the unparalleled and perfect model of His Messenger, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and it may be likened to a magnificent tree in whose shade a person can sit to fulfil their needs from its every part: its fruit and flowers; its bark and leaves; in summary, every aspect of the tree is beneficial. The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is like a magnificent tree that grants shade to tens of millions of creatures, who find comfort and refuge under it — just like under the wings of a hen.

In battle, those who were with the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, were considered to be the bravest. For the Holy Prophet (sa) would be in the most dangerous place. Holy is Allah! How impressive! In Uhud, he was showered with swords, and such carnage ensued that the companions found it difficult to bear, but this valiant warrior stood firm like a rock and went on fighting. No blame lies on the companions, for Allah the Exalted forgave them. The underlying secret in this incident was to exhibit the bravery of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.

On one occasion, he was struck by swords repeatedly, but he would firmly proclaim that he was Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. It is said that the Holy Prophet (sa) sustained seventy wounds to his forehead. They were light wounds nonetheless, but this displays his exalted character.

There was a time when the Holy Prophet (sa) owned even more sheep and goats than the Caesar and Chosroes. The Holy Prophet (sa) granted them all to a person who asked for them. If he had not come to own anything, how could he have demonstrated his immense generosity. If he had never been a ruler, how would it be established that despite having the power to seek revenge, he had it within him to forgive the disbelievers of Mecca, who were deserving of death — the very same disbelievers who inflicted the harshest of torments upon the companions, the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and the Muslim women. When they were presented before him, he announced:

68:5 لَا تَثْرِیْبَ عَلَیْکُمُ الْیَوْمِ

meaning, on this day I have forgiven you.

If such opportunities had not arisen, how would the lofty morals of the Holy Prophet (sa) have come to light? This greatness is unique to the Holy Prophet (sa). Name a single moral quality that the Holy Prophet (sa) did not possess — and that too to the utmost level of perfection.

Note: This excerpt is taken from the book “MALFUZAT” (Sayings and Discourses of the Promised Messiah and Mahdi (as) Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community) Volume I

The original book can be free download here:

https://www.alislam.org/book/malfuzat-volume-1/

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